About Nepal

Nepal at a glance

Nepal occupies 0.1 % of land area on a global scale, It is a small nation where climatic zones vary vividly within a short distance from the low-lying Kanchan Kalan (60m) to Mount Everest (8848.86m), the highest point on earth. In the mid-20th century, Nepal was opened to the outside world; it is home to 101 diverse ethnic groups who even today practice centuries-old traditions, culture, and religious beliefs which have changed little over time. Eight of the fourteen eight-thousanders of the world lie in Nepal: Mount Everest (It is called Nepali name ‘Sagarmatha’-8848.86m), Kanchenjunga (8586m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8463m), Cho Oyu (8201m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8163m) and Annapurna I (8091m).

You can hike to the Himalayas, and there’s absolutely no shortage of guides and porters who’ll assist you in your trip. They’ll also be more than happy to assist you in ascending a mountain of your choice, should you choose to do so. Besides trekking, you can go whitewater rafting in Nepal’s several Himalayan rivers. You can also go paragliding and visit National Parks on jungle safari trips, where you’ll see a lot of wild beasts and a range of tropical plants.

There’s also no shortage of cultural and historical sites to visit in Nepal, and you can hire a guide and visit some historical and culturally significant world heritage sites of this nation. Each and every mountain of Nepal is incredible, but if you’re interested only in the tallest among them, you can book a trip to Mt. Everest.

Nepal is considered one of the best destinations in the world. Nepal is the country of Mt. Everest, the birthplace of Lord Buddha and the Holy Land of Hindus and Buddhists. In Nepal, the same beautiful mountain ranges, which draw trekkers and climbers, shape an incredible variety of whitewater challenges for paddlers. The centuries-old cities, panoramic views of the Himalayas, green forest with different types of wild animals and more than 800 species of birds make Nepal a popular destination.

There are seven world cultural heritage sites in Kathmandu Valley including Pashupatinath Temple, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Changunarayan, Swyambhunath Stupa (Monkey Temple), Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bouddhanath Stupa are the monasteries, Temples and ancient heritage under the preservation of UNESCO. Apart from this, there is an excellent hiking opportunity around the valley sightseeing in Pokhara, Chitwan, and Lumbini is also an excellent opportunity to explore Nepal.

The diverse geography of this small country surrounded extremes from the highest peak on the earth to steamy lowland jungles. Nepal is only a hundred miles wide but rises from near sea level on the genetic plain to over 8848m at the top of Mount Everest.

Economic Landscape and Income Sources

Nepal’s economy is primarily agrarian, with agriculture employing a significant portion of the population. The fertile plains of the Terai region support the cultivation of crops such as rice, wheat, and sugarcane. In the hilly and mountainous regions, subsistence farming is common, with crops like maize, millet, and barley being prevalent.

Apart from agriculture, remittances from Nepali workers abroad play a crucial role in the country’s economy. A substantial number of Nepalese migrate to countries like India, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia in search of employment opportunities. The remittances sent back to their families contribute significantly to Nepal’s foreign exchange reserves.

Tourism is another vital component of Nepal’s economy. The country’s stunning landscapes, including the iconic Mount Everest, attract trekkers, mountaineers, and nature enthusiasts from around the globe. Popular destinations like Kathmandu, Pokhara, and Lumbini (the birthplace of Lord Buddha) contribute to the tourism sector, generating income and employment opportunities.

Hydropower is emerging as a potential game-changer for Nepal. The country is endowed with abundant water resources, and harnessing this energy for hydropower generation has the potential to meet domestic demand and even export electricity to neighboring countries.

Additionally, efforts to diversify the economy are underway, with a focus on sectors like information technology, manufacturing, and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). These initiatives aim to create a more resilient and sustainable economic foundation for Nepal.

Fact’s about Nepal

Continent: Asia (South)

Situated: Situated between India in the south, east, west, and China in the north.

Total Area Covered: 1,47,181 Sq. Km.

Capital: Kathmandu

Total Population: 30,148,491

Life Expectancy: 68 years for men and 70 years for women.

Elevation: 60 – 8,848.86 meters above sea level

Spoken Language: 123 Spoken languages in Nepal

Ethnic Groups: 126 ethnic groups in Nepal.

National Language: Nepali is the national language but travel trade people can understand and speak English as well.

Religion: Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Kirat, and Christianity

Currency: Nepalese Rupee

Geographical Division : 3 geographical zones-

  • High Mountain
  • Mid Hill
  • Plain

Political System: Federal Democratic Republic

Climate: Nepal has four major seasons.

  1. Winter: December to February
  2. Spring: March to May
  3. Summer: June to August
  4. Autumn: September to November

Monsoons are from mid-June till mid-September.

What to wear: Warm garments are necessary for October to March. Lightweight clothing is recommended from May through September. An umbrella or raincoat is essential during the rainy season.