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Mount Everest is the highest mountain on earth that soars at an elevation of 8,848.86 meters. Who on this earth would not be aware of the grandeur of this mighty mountain and the curiosity- Where is Mount Everest Located?
The peak is a center of attraction for all nature lovers, mountain enthusiasts, trekkers, and peak climbers. It is also known as Sagarmatha (in the local language), which lies in the heart of the Khumbu region of Nepal.
So, Where is Mount Everest Located?
Let us come to the main point- Where is Mount Everest Located? Mt. Everest is located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas in between the border of Nepal and China. The southern ridge of Everest lies towards Nepal while the northern ridge of Mount Everest lies towards Tibet.
In Nepal, Mount Everest is located in Sagarmatha National Park in the Solukhumbu district of Nepal. In China, Mt. Everest is located in the Xigatse area which is a restricted area of the Autonomous Region of Tibet.
The northern Everest Base Camp in Nepal is popular for trekking while the southern part can be accessed through an overland ride to the base camp.
Nepal is a small Himalayan nation that lies between two powerful and large nations, India and China in Southeast Asia. A landlocked country Nepal holds the pride of having the world’s highest peak – Mt. Everest. Nepal not only has Mt. Everest but is home to eight out of the ten highest mountains in the world.
The fact reflects the richness of this small country in terms of mountainous glory. No wonder, Nepal is the number one tourist destination for trekking, peak climbing, and expedition activities worldwide. Each year, thousands of tourists visit this country for trekking, peak climbing, and mountaineering purpose.
Nepal is not just popular for its natural glory, but for its cultural diversity as well. People from different castes, religions and ethnic groups reside here. The people are divided into four main castes and thirty-six sub-castes, each of them has its own unique culture, custom, festivals, and lifestyle.
Nepal was once the only Hindu kingdom around the world. Later, it was turned into a secular state, but still, the country is dominated by people following Hinduism. Buddhism is the second most popular religion prevalent in Nepal. In the Himalayan region, one can see the influence of the Tibetan Buddhism religion. The founder of Buddhism – Lord Gautama Buddha was born in Nepal.
Despite many popular facts about Nepal, the popularity of this country moves around the fact that it is home to the world’s highest peak – Mount Everest.
Impact of Climate Change on Mount Everest?
Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth and is nevertheless not immune to the impacts of climate change. The only site in the world where the stratosphere is punctured—peak Everest is 8,848.86 meters above sea level—has glaciers that run for kilometers. And an atmosphere that is so thin that mountaineers struggle to breathe there. But both of those factors are undergoing rapid change. The air pressure at Everest’s top is increasing, making more oxygen accessible for breathing, while glaciers are melting at previously unheard-of rates, producing more meltwater, according to two new studies published in iScience and One Earth. Both those who attempt to scale the summit and those who reside nearby in its shadow will be impacted by the changes.
How high is Mount Everest?
Mt. Everest, the highest peak in the world rises tall at an elevation of 8,848 meters (29,029 ft.) above sea level. The height measurement was initially done by an Indian survey in 1955 that was later confirmed by a Chinese survey in 1975.
Recently, on 8th December 2020, it was jointly announced by the Nepali and Chinese authorities that the latest official height is 8,848.86 m (29,032 ft). Nepali officials had asserted the snow on top of the peak should be included, while the Chinese officials argued earlier that Everest should be measured to its rock height.
With the advancement in technology, various techniques have been used to measure the height of the peak that keeps on producing different results making it difficult to find out the exact measurement of the peak. There is a conflict among geologists regarding whether the measurement should be based upon the rock or permanent snow on the mountains.
Also, the fact that tectonic movement is making the mountain grow each year (by a little) cannot be ignored.
Who was the first person to climb Mount Everest?
Mt. Everest was first climbed by Sir Edmund Hillary from New Zealand with his Nepalese Sherpa guide Tenzing Norgay. They were the first ones to climb up the summit of the peak successfully. They conquered the summit of Mount Everest on May 29, 1953, at 11:30 a.m. marking the date and time in the history of the Himalayas and Everest.
Before this, few expedition-ers had tried to climb up the peak, but no one had been able to make a successful climb. During that time, Tibet was closed for mountaineers and Nepal was the only option for climbing up to the peak of Everest.
Some interesting facts about Mount Everest
- Mount Everest is also known by other different names. Nepalese call it Sagarmatha which means Forehead in Sky. Similarly, the Tibetans call it Chomolungma which means mother of the world. Other Names: Roof of the World, Third-Pole, Peak XV, Killer Mountain, Peak of Heaven.
- Mount Everest (8,848m) is 10 times taller than the tallest building on Earth – Burj Khalifa (820m).
- Reinhold Andreas Messner, an Italian mountaineer was the first person to summit Mt. Everest without using any additional oxygen
- Babu Chiri Sherpa – in 1999 spent 21 hours on the summit of Mount Everest. He was the first person to spend maximum time on Everest.
- The winds at the top of Mt. Everest are very wild, strong, and fierce.
- 29th May is celebrated as Mount Everest Day in memory of Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay, the first persons to climb Mount Everest
- A Nepalese couple – Moni Mule Pati and Pem Dorje Sherpa married at the summit of Mount Everest.
- On 20th May 2019, Kami Rita Sherpa became the first person to climb Mt. Everest many times, i.e. 24 times. Before this, Apa Sherpa had climbed the peak 22 times.
- The Everest region has around 200 dead bodies of climbers and Sherpas who failed to climb Everest successfully.
- Everest is named in the honor of George Everest, a British surveyor, and geographer.
How much does it cost to climb Mt. Everest?
Climbing up to Mt. Everest can be quite expensive. As you go higher, the cost of everything will increase accordingly. The permit fees to be paid to the Nepal government will cost you USD 11,000 per climber. Similarly, insurance to rescue you will be as high as USD 25,000.
As you prepare to climb, you will require a guide, porter, and climbing gear which will cost you a good sum of amount. And, you cannot even negotiate because negotiation may lead to compromise with quality. You will require a good guide, porter, and climbing gear for climbing up successfully.
A 3-liter oxygen cylinder can cost you more than USD 500 each. Similarly, a proper boot and climbing suit will cost around USD 1,000. You can separate around 7,000-10,000 USD for personal gear in an expedition.
As per Alan Arnette, a writer, speaker, and seven summit climbers; the average cost of climbing Mount Everest was around USD 45,000 in 2017. The price ranges from USD 28,000 to USD 85,000 based on guide, company, quality of gears, and many other factors. A fully customized climb may cost you around USD 115,000.
But risk-takers who try to accomplish the climb fast without long acclimatization, quality guides, and gears, may complete the climb in around USD 20,000 as well. Typically, this price covers transportation costs, food, tents, Sherpa support, and oxygen supplements.
When is the best time to climb Mount Everest?
Conquering Mt. Everest is one of the big dreams and among the most rewarding experiences that one can have. But good weather is one of the most essential factors for every mountaineer. The climbing season between April and May is the best time of the year when you have the highest chance of reaching the top.
The season of mid-June to August may seem like an ideal time to get to Everest but is also before the season of monsoon when the mountain experiences frequent and heavy rainfalls. Climbers and also the trekkers usually avoid these months because of the unpleasant weather conditions. There are also the increasing dangers of avalanches in the mountain, beside muddy and slippery trails to the Everest base camp. Climbers spend weeks at the Everest base camp with no guarantee that they’ll actually reach the top. It is also crucial to note that Mountain weather is always unpredictable and can change at any time.
How long does it take to climb up to Mount Everest?
If you want to go up to Everest Base Camp, it can be accomplished just in the 14 days timeframe. But if you want to climb up to the summit of Everest, it takes around two months for an expedition journey to Everest.
How many people try to climb Mt. Everest every year?
Every year, Mount Everest attracts hundreds of aspiring climbers from all around the world who come to test their limits and achieve the ultimate mountaineering dream. The exact number of climbers attempting the ascent varies from year to year, but it typically ranges from 600 to 1,000 individuals annually. These adventurers brave the extreme altitude, unpredictable weather, and treacherous terrain of the world’s tallest peak, often enduring significant physical and mental challenges along the way. While some seek personal achievement, others aim to raise awareness for various causes or break records, making Mount Everest a symbol of human ambition and resilience in the face of nature’s most formidable obstacles.
Everest North Vs South Route
Mount Everest borders both Nepal and China and there are two main climbing routes up to the summit. One is from the north ridge in Tibet and the other is from the southeast ridge in Nepal.
The South route is the most popular route and was the one used by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, who were the first ones to get to the summit of Mt. Everest in 1953. Climbers consider the South Route technically easier to ascend than the Northside because of the distance to the summit, weather conditions, and time spent at high altitudes.
Climbing by the south route to the peak is more direct and steep than that of the Northside. But this also means on a south route, a climber can get down much quicker to safety. Besides, helicopter evacuation is only possible on the North Side, and the mountain staffs face considerably less risk on the north side.
While the success rate of climbing is only 29%, hundreds of people go climbing every year to soar their dream of climbing this highest mountain.
What is the other name of Mt. Everest?
Many names have been given to Everest. In Nepali and Sanskrit, mount Everest is famous as “Sagarmatha”. Sagarmatha’s literal translation consists of the words “Sagar,” which refers to the sky, and “Matha,” which means “forehead.”
The Tibetan name for Everest is ” Chomolungma,” which means “Goddess Mother of the world” or “Goddess of the valley”.
It was known as peak XV before the mountain received its current name, Everest. Sir George Everest, the general land surveyor, gave it a new name in 1865. Everest’s Nepali name, Sagarmatha, first appeared in use in the 1960s.
List of Mount Everest Records
- First-climb only up to 8,300 meters in 1922 by George Finch (Australian) and captain Geoffrey Bruce (British).
- The first successful ascent was in 1953 by Tenzing Norgay Sherpa (Nepalese) and Sir Edmund Hillary (New Zealander).
- The first solo ascent was in 1978, by Franz Oppurg (Austrian).
- In 1980, Mr. Krzysztof Wielicki from Poland is the first person to ascend Mount Everest in winter.
- First female ascent by Junko Tabei (Japanese) in 1975.
- Kami Rita Sherpa (Nepalese) holds the record for most times to reach the summit of Everest – 26 times from 1994 to 2022.
- Youngest female to reach the top of Everest, by Malavath Purna (Indian) (13 years and 11 months old) in 2014.
- Youngest male to reach the top of Everest, by Jordan Romero (American) (13 years and 10 months old) in 2010.
- Pasang Lhamu Sherpa (Nepalese) becomes the first Nepali woman to summit Everest but she died while descending in 1993.
- Lhakpa Sherpa (Nepalese) becomes the first Nepali woman to summit Everest and survive in 2000.
- The first female ascent from the North Ridge – Tibetan side, by Pan Duo also known as Phanthog (Chinese -Tibetan) in 1975.
- First ascent without supplemental oxygen by Reinhold Messner (Italian) and Peter Habeler (Austrian) in 1978.
- First solo ascent without supplemental oxygen by Reinhold Messner (Italian) in 1980.
- First female ascent without supplemental oxygen by Lydia Bradey (New Zealander) in 1988.
- Erik Weihenmayer (American) is the first person without eyes (blind) to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 2001.
- First descent by ski by Dayo Karnicar (Slovenian) in 2000.
- Marco Siffredi (French) becomes the first person to descend on a snowboard in 2001.
- First descent by paraglider, by Jean-Marc Boivin (French) in 1988.
- In 2004, Pemba Dorje Sherpa (Nepalese) holds the record for the fastest to reach the top of Everest via south col with supplemental oxygen in 8 hours and 10 minutes.
- In 2007, Christian Stangl (Austrian) holds the record for the fastest to reach the top of Everest via south col without supplemental oxygen in 16 hours and 42 minutes.
- Kushang Sherpa (Indian) becomes the first person to reach the summit of Everest from three different routes (South Col, North Face, and Khangsung Face) from 1993 to 2003.
- Pem Dorjee and Moni Mulepati (Nepalese) becomes the first two people to marry on the top of Mount Everest in 2005.
- In 2013, Tashi and Nungshi Malik (Indian) holds the record of being the first twins to climb Everest together.
- In 2013, Kenton Cool (UK) and Dorje Gylgen (Nepal) becomes the first to climb the Everest Triple Crown
- Ian Toothill (American) is the first cancer patient to climb Mount Everest in 2017.
- 80-year-old Yuichiro Miura has become the eldest person to reach the top of Mount Everest. Src: BBC
- Three Nepalese sisters Dawa Futi Sherpa, Tshering Namgya Sherpa, and Nima Jangmu Sherpa climbed Mt. Everest together. Daring sisters set their new world record on 12th May 2021.
Mount Everest Deaths Statistics by Nationality (Year: 1922-2020)
Soaring Everest is every mountaineer’s ultimate achievement. Each year, hundreds of brave climbers(and crazy) from around the globe come to Nepal on their quest to conquer the mountain. Most achieve to celebrate for a lifetime, but sadly, not all of them succeed, owing to the unpredictable and fast-changing weather conditions of the mountain.
These challenges make surmounting Mount Everest one of the greatest achievements for a human. This mountain will surely test your strength and endurance beyond your limits. One must be prepared both mentally and physically to tackle this mother of mountains. Even a single mistake can get you into a real problem.
Since 1922, people began to climb the top of Mt. Everest. While some have victoriously succeeded to celebrate for the rest of their lives, many ended up their lives while attempting to conquer Everest.
The accident stat provided from 1922 to 2020 shows around 300+ casualties of climbers have met with their end on Mount Everest till now. Below is provided a more general statistic on Mount Everest deaths.
Mount Everest Deaths Cause:
Mount Everest Deaths by Nationality:
Trekking to Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most cherished treks in Nepal. Each year, many tourists visit Nepal for trekking to Everest. Trekking to Everest Base Camp starts with a short flight to Lukla airport. From the airport, we follow a trail that descends down to the Dudhkoshi River and ascends up gradually to enter into the Sagarmatha National Park.
The trail passes various Sherpa villages like Phakding, Monjo, and Jorsale on the way to Namche Bazaar. From Namche, the trail climbs up to Tengboche and then to Dingboche. Further, the trail ascends to a higher altitudinal region i.e. Lobuche and Gorekshep to Everest Base Camp. The trail to Everest Base Camp is amazing, full of wonderful mountain views of incredible mountainous landscapes.
Though the trail is of a moderate kind, the high altitude can be a real challenge to accomplish Everest Base Camp Trek.
Everest Base Camp Trek is among the moderate trek. It is not a difficult trek. But in terms of gaining high elevation in a short period, you have to be prepared properly before embarking on this journey. One has to walk for around five to seven hours a day continuously for twelve days in the high altitudinal region.
Shortness of breath, fatigue, and altitude sickness can be some major issues that one can encounter on the journey to Everest. But if you are physically fit, have body stamina, and can adapt to the rising elevation, Everest Base Camp Trek might not be a problem for you!
If you want to know more about Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty click here.
Popular treks in the Everest region of Nepal
There are various trekking options in the Everest region of Nepal besides the Everest Base Camp Trek. Each trek is different in terms of difficulty level and destination coverage. You can choose any one of them as per your preference level.
1. Everest Chola Pass Trek
The Everest chola pass trek is an ideal choice for daring adventure travelers who are seeking something challenging. This trek also takes you through popular regions like Lukla, Namche Bazaar, and much deeper zones of the Kumbu region.
2. Everest Base Camp Heli Return Trek
The Everest Base Camp Trek with Helicopter is a distinctive travel choice and is well-liked by many tourists. It is one of the fastest ways to get to the base of the world’s tallest mountains and explore the Everest base camp and surrounding area and back in a hurry. This trip is especially for those who have limited vacation time and wish to trek in the heart of Everest.
3. Everest Panorama Trek
Everest panorama trek is especially for those who do not have enough time to explore the beauty of Everest base camp and Gokyo valley longer trek. It is a kind of a short hike to an enchanting journey in the Khumbu region after the scenic flight to Lukla that provides you to enjoy one of the most mesmerizing and jaw-dropping views of the world’s highest peak and other towering mountains.
4. Everest Gokyo Lake Trek
Everest Gokyo Lake is one of the magnificent and naturally captivating trekking trails in the Everest Region. Trekking at a high altitude through the glacier valleys, the sparkling, pristine blue, and green water of the lakes, and the high rugged vegetation of the Everest region is known as Everest Gokyo Lake. You will be exploring through the lowlands, lush rainforest, grassy hills, alpine sceneries with dwarf trees and snow-covered desert landscapes, and the green valleys that will be heart-soothing to walk through breathtaking views of the massive Himalayas.
5. Everest High Pass Trek
The Everest High Pass Trek is a thrilling trekking route in the Khumbu region that combines the three passes of the Everest region, which are Kongma La (5,540 m), Chola (5,335 m), and the recently discovered Renjo La (5,400 m). Mostly, this trek is suitable for ambitious trekkers who want to cross high passes without committing to any technical climbing. This trek passes across the entire Everest region and includes all the sights you would expect, as well as a blend of local communities and Sherpa culture.
6. Jiri to Everest Base Camp Trek
The journey from Jiri to Everest Base Camp begins with an off-road trip from Kathmandu, which takes around 8 hours, to Jiri, where the trail starts. Jiri to Everest Base Camp Journey is an adventurous trek for those who are determined to test themselves against the unpredictable nature of mountain living, are physically active, in good health, have adequate vacation time, and are in good enough physical condition.
It follows in the footsteps of Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Sherpa, the first people to summit Mount Everest. The trail also leads to Tengboche Monastery, the most sacred monastery in the area. While trekking, we pass through glacier streams, several Buddhist monuments, ice-cold rivers, majestic mountains, and alpine jungles while meeting local people with different cultures.
7. Everest Base Camp Luxury Trek
In recent years, the Everest Base Camp Luxury trek is becoming a popular trip among international travelers. Hotels in the Everest region are growing every year from budget to luxury due to the flow of trekkers. The Trek is ideal for those who want to hike Everest with the utmost luxury and comfort. An entire journey seems like a rollercoaster as you move from one venture to another.
Glorious Himalaya Trekking for any journey to Mt. Everest
Glorious Himalaya Trekking is a pioneer tour operator in Nepal that offers various kinds of travel and tour-related services in Nepal. We offer various travel packages to different regions of Nepal. In Everest, we offer many travel packages like Everest Base Camp Trek, Everest Gokyo Lake Trek, Everest High Passes Trek, Everest Panorama Trek, Everest View Trek, etc.
We also conduct expedition journeys to Everest. Your safety and security are ensured with us. Go through the packages on our website for detailed information about the travel packages. If necessary, we are also ready to customize our packages as per your needs and preferences.