A Complete Guide to Annapurna Base Camp Trek

By Glorious Himalaya on February 10, 2023 in Travel Tips, Trekking

The Annapurna Base Camp trek is a once-in-a-lifetime adventure through the heart of the majestic Annapurna mountain range in Nepal. It showcases stunning mountain vistas, verdant forests, and charming villages. Along the way, you will be treated to breathtaking views of the Annapurna mountain range. Iconic peaks such as Annapurna South, Hiunchuli, Gangapurna, and Machhapuchhre, known for their beauty and grandeur, are the main highlights of this trek.

The journey starts in Pokhara, a lively tourist city located in western Nepal. The duration of this trip can vary from 7 to 12 days, depending on the selected route and the trekker’s pace. Stunning terraced fields, lush rhododendron forests, and charming Gurung villages accompany the trail.  The whole journey provides a unique insight into the local culture and way of life.

The final destination of the trek is the summit of base camp itself, located at an impressive elevation of 4,130 meters. A panoramic view of the surrounding peaks and glaciers can be observed there. Reaching the base camp is the crowning moment of this trek and will be a memory to cherish for years to come.

Highlights of Annapurna Base Camp Trek

  • The trek offers panoramic views of the Annapurna mountain range, including famous peaks such as Annapurna South (8,091 meters), Hiunchuli (6,441 meters), Gangapurna (7,455 meters), and Machhapuchhre (6,993 meters).
  • Historic Ghandruk village is a highlight of the trek offering a glimpse into the rich culture, traditions, and practices of the Gurung community. The vibrant village is steeped in history and provides a unique insight into the way of life of the indigenous people of the region.
  • Poonhill viewpoint, located on the trail, offers a breathtaking view of a gorgeous sunrise over the snow-capped peaks of mountains such as Mt. Dhaulagiri, the Annapurna ranges, Nilgiri, and many more.
  • The trail is dotted with breathtaking landscapes, including terraced fields, sparkling streams, and towering snow-capped peaks, creating a unique and unforgettable experience for trekkers.
  • Jhinu Danda hot spring is a natural wonder along the Annapurna Base Camp trek. This hot spring is a popular stop for trekkers, offering a chance to soak in the warm waters and rejuvenate after a long day on the trail.
  • An epic journey to the base camp provides a unique opportunity to experience the exotic flora and fauna of the renowned Annapurna Conservation Area. This protected area is home to a diverse range of wildlife and plant species, including rare and endangered species.

Trek Difficulty

The trip to Annapurna Base Camp is considered to be a moderate to challenging trek. It requires a good level of physical fitness and preparation. Steep inclines, rocky terrain, and high altitude en route make the trek challenging for some trekkers. The highest point of the trek is the Base Camp of Mt. Annapurna and the trek involves several days of continuous ascent and descent.

However, proper acclimatization and preparation can make the trek accessible for many. It is recommended to take sufficient time to acclimatize to the high altitude and to seek advice from a medical professional if necessary. Additionally, trekkers should be prepared for unpredictable weather conditions and should carry appropriate gear and supplies. Read more in detail about ABC Trek’s difficulty.

Length of the Trek


The trek to the base camp is typically completed in 7 to 12 days, depending on the pace of the trekker and the chosen route. The total length of the trek can vary with some routes stretching up to 120 kilometers. However, the most common route covers a distance of around 70 to 80 kilometers, starting from Pokhara and ending in Nayapul or Jhinu Danda. In addition, you can also add Ghorepani Poon Hill with ABC Trek. The length of the trek allows for sufficient time to acclimatize and enjoy the scenery along the way.

The duration of the trek can be shortened or extended based on personal preference and physical ability. Moreover, it is important to remember that acclimatization is crucial for safe and enjoyable trekking in the high-altitude environment of the Annapurna region.

Cost of the trek

The cost of the Annapurna Base Camp trek depends on several factors:

  • Length of the trek
  • Type of Accommodation
  • Food and transportation
  • Number of porters or guides
  • Time of year

These factors can greatly impact the total cost of the trek. On average, the cost of a basic Annapurna Base Camp trek without any luxury amenities can range from around $600 to $1200, while a more premium trek with additional services and comforts can cost upwards of $1500. It is important to plan your budget carefully and research the various options available to ensure that you have a safe and enjoyable trek.

Best Season to trek


Best season for the Annapurna Base Camp trek is from September to November and from March to May. During these months, the weather is clear, and the skies are usually free of clouds, making it an ideal time for trekking and photography. Additionally, the temperatures are moderate, making it comfortable for trekking. During the monsoon season from June to August, the trails are often wet, and visibility is limited due to clouds, making it challenging for trekking. December to February is the winter season and can be extremely cold and snowy, making it difficult for trekking. Hence, the best time to trek at Annapurna Base Camp is during the spring and autumn seasons.



Annapurna Base Camp trail offers a range of accommodation options along the trail, ranging from basic tea houses to luxury lodges. Places along the trek, such as  Nayapul, Ghandruk, and Chomrong have numerous options for accommodation, including guesthouses, lodges, and homestays. The type of accommodation will depend on your budget and personal preference. However, it’s important to keep in mind that facilities and services may be limited in remote areas. Many trekkers opt to stay in traditional tea houses to fully immerse themselves in the local culture and experience the hospitality of the Nepalese people.

It is important to note that accommodation options may vary based on the time of year and the number of trekkers on the trail, so it’s recommended to book in advance, especially during peak trekking seasons. Regardless of the type of accommodation you choose, the experience of staying in the charming mountain villages and interacting with the local people is a highlight of the Annapurna Base Camp trek.

Food and water along the way


Food and water options along the Annapurna Base Camp trek can vary greatly, with a range of options available depending on the location. In general, teahouses along the trail serve traditional Nepalese dishes, such as dal bhat, as well as some Western options like pasta and pizza.

It is recommended to bring a water purification system, such as a water filter or water purification tablets, as tap water is not considered safe to drink. Bottled water is also readily available for purchase along the trail, but it’s best to minimize plastic waste and use a refillable water bottle.

It’s important to keep in mind that the quality and availability of food and water may vary depending on the season and the location along the trail. It is recommended to bring some high-energy snacks, such as energy bars or nuts, to supplement meals and provide additional energy during the trek.

Trekking Permits

In order to trek most parts of Nepal, trekkers should obtain related permits from the tourist centers. Accordingly, Annapurna Base Camp Trek also requires several permits and entrance fees for trekkers to access the trekking route and conservation areas. The most important permit is the Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP). The ACAP is issued by the Nepal Tourism Board and can be obtained in Kathmandu or Pokhara. Additionally, trekkers may need to purchase a TIMS (Trekkers’ Information Management System) card, and serves as a tracking system for trekkers.

ACAP permit

Cost of the permit for SAARC citizen

  • ACAP Entrance Fee: NRs. 1,000 ($8) per person.
  • TIMS Card Fee: NRs. 600 ($5) per person for individual trekkers and NRs. 300 ($2) per person for an organized group.

Cost of the permit for other citizens

  • ACAP Entrance Fee: NRs. 3,000 ($25)
  • TIMS Card Fee: NRs. 2,000 ($16) per person for individual trekkers and NRs. 1,000 ($8) per person for an organized group.
Tims Card

Both of these permits can be obtained in Kathmandu or Pokhara and can be arranged through a trekking agency for organized groups. And solo or individual trekkers can obtain permits directly from the offices of the Nepal Tourism Board and the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation. It’s important to note that these permits are subject to change, and it’s always a good idea to check the latest regulations before planning your trek.

Packing list


Annapurna Base Camp Trek requires thoughtful and thorough packing and preparation. Essential items include:

  • Backpack: A sturdy and comfortable backpack to carry all your essentials.
  • Clothing: Quick-drying and moisture-wicking base layers, fleece jacket, rain jacket, waterproof pants, hat, gloves, warm socks, and comfortable trekking shoes.
  • Sleeping bag and pad: A warm and comfortable sleeping bag rated for low temperatures and a sleeping pad for insulation and comfort.
  • Headlamp: A headlamp with extra batteries for early morning starts and late-night reading.
  • Water bottles and hydration system: At least 2 water bottles or a hydration system to stay hydrated on the trail.
  • Personal hygiene items: Toilet paper, wet wipes, hand sanitizer, and personal hygiene items such as toothbrush and toothpaste.
  • First-aid kit: A personal first-aid kit with pain relievers, blister treatments, and any other medications you might need.
  • Sunscreen: High-SPF sunscreen to protect your skin from the sun.
  • Sunglasses: Sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun and glare.
  • Warm hat: A warm hat to wear during cold mornings and evenings.
  • Trekking poles: Trekking poles to help with balance and stability on the trail.
  • Camera and extra batteries

It’s important to consider the changing weather conditions on the trail and pack accordingly. Light, compact gear that can be easily packed and unpacked is recommended.

Internet, Electricity, and Mobile Network facilities 

The availability of internet, electricity and mobile network on the Annapurna Base Camp trail can vary depending on the location. In general, higher altitude areas have limited or no connectivity. However, there are some teahouses and lodges that offer Wi-Fi and charging facilities at an additional cost. It is recommended to bring a fully charged power bank to ensure reliable access to electronics during the trek. In terms of mobile networks, it’s advisable to check with the service provider for network coverage and roaming plans in the region.

Standard Itinerary

This is a suggested itinerary that outlines the standard schedule provided by Glorious Himalayan for the Annapurna Base Camp Trek:

Day 01: Kathmandu arrival and transfer to the hotel. (1400m)

Day 02: Drive to Pokhara (850m) – 7 hrs drive

Day 03: Drive to Nayapul and then trek to Jhinu Danda (1760m.) – 5 hrs trek

Day 04: Trek to Bamboo (2310m.) – 6/7 hrs trek

Day 05: Trek to Machhapuchhre base camp (3700m.) – 7 hrs trek

Day 06: Trek to Annapurna base camp (4130m.) & back to Dovan (2540m.) – 7 hrs

Day 07: Trek to Jhinu Danda (1760m) – 6 hrs trek

Day 08: Trek to Nayapul then drive to Pokhara (850m) – 6 hrs trek

Day 09: Drive back to Kathmandu (1400m) – 7 hrs drive

Day 10: Departure from Nepal.

Safety Hazards

Annapurna Base Camp trek can be considered a challenging hike due to its high altitude, steep inclines, and rocky terrain. However, with proper preparation, acclimatization, and physical fitness, the trek can be completed safely. Nevertheless, there are still a few safety hazards to be aware of while trekking, such as:

  • Altitude Sickness: As the trail leads to an altitude of over 4,000 meters, trekkers should be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness, such as headaches, dizziness, and shortness of breath.
  • Weather: Weather conditions in the mountains can change quickly, and it is important to be prepared for sudden rain, snow, or high winds.
  • Hydration: Dehydration is a common issue while trekking, and it is important to drink enough water to prevent it.
  • Trail conditions: The trail can be steep, rocky, and slippery, so it is important to be cautious and watch your step.
  • Wildlife: While trekking in the Annapurna Conservation Area, there is a chance of encountering wildlife, such as bears and leopards, so it is important to be aware of your surroundings and follow the guidelines set by the local authorities.

By being mindful of these hazards and taking the necessary precautions, trekkers can ensure a safe and enjoyable experience while trekking the Annapurna Base Camp trail.

Is a solo trip possible for Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Yes, a solo trip to Annapurna Base Camp Trek is possible and can be a rewarding experience but not advisable. Many people undertake the Annapurna Base Camp Trek as a solo trip, and it is a popular destination for solo and group travelers. However, it is important to be prepared for the physical and logistical challenges of a solo trek. This includes carrying all your gear and supplies, being self-sufficient in terms of navigation and first aid. Also, being mindful of the risks associated with trekking in a remote mountain region is necessary.

Here are a few things to consider when planning a solo trip to Annapurna Base Camp Trek:

  • Physical fitness and preparation: Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a challenging hike that requires a good level of physical fitness. Make sure you are in good health and have trained adequately before embarking on the trek.
  • Planning and preparation: Plan your trip carefully and research the trail and local area thoroughly. Make sure you have all the necessary gear, supplies, and equipment. It is also important to have a backup plan in case of emergencies.
  • Make sure you have adequate travel and medical insurance to cover any unexpected events while on the trek.
  • Keep yourself informed about the local culture, customs, and language, as well as the current political and safety situation in the region.
  • Be mindful of the risks associated with trekking in a remote mountain region. It includes altitude sickness, hypothermia, and injuries. Stay on the trail and follow safe hiking practices. Always be prepared for sudden weather changes.
  • Make sure someone knows your itinerary and expected return date. You should carry a means of communication like a satellite phone or personal locator beacon.

The temperature on the Annapurna Base Camp Trek

The temperature on this trek varies according to the season you will visit. Normally, during the spring and autumn seasons weather on this trek will be pleasant and warm enough in the daytime. You can hike with a thinner T-shirt and pants if the weather is mild but you need thicker clothes if the weather is foggy or windy. Generally, temperatures range from 10 to 20 Degrees Celsius during the daytime and can be dropped below zero at nighttime. Check more information about Annapurna Base Camp Trek weather for all seasons.

In conclusion, Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a remarkable adventure. It takes you through the stunning Annapurna region, showcasing breathtaking mountain views, lush forests, and charming villages. This trek presents a perfect balance of challenge and natural beauty, suitable for both experienced trekkers and first-timers. The Annapurna Base Camp Trek is a unique opportunity to push yourself to new limits while immersing in nature’s splendor. It promises to leave you with memories that will stay with you forever.


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