Ultimate Everest Base Camp Trek Guide: Preparation, Permits & Packing

By Glorious Himalaya on February 16, 2023 in Travel Tips, Trekking

Embarking on the Everest Base Camp trek is a dream come true for many adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers. This challenging yet rewarding journey offers breathtaking views of the world’s highest and most awe-inspiring peaks. To fully immerse yourself in the trek and ensure a safe, successful experience, thorough preparation is crucial. A well-planned trek involves several key steps, including physical training, obtaining the necessary permits and equipment, and acquainting yourself with local culture and customs.

Glorious Himalaya shares vital steps to help you prepare for the Everest Base Camp trek:

Documents and Permits

Everest Base Camp Trek permits

Permits and documents are important aspects of responsible and sustainable trekking practices. It ensures the protection of the natural environment and proper management of the tourism industry. Also, the safety and security of trekkers and revenue generation for the country and local communities are added benefits.

Here are some of the important documents and permits required for the Everest Base Camp trek:

  • Passport: A valid passport is required for entry into Nepal.
  • Visa: You can obtain a visa for Nepal either on arrival at the airport or in advance from a Nepalese embassy or consulate.
  • Khumbu Rural Municipality Permit: You will need to get this permit from the Khumbu Rural Municipality office on your trail path in Lukla. The cost of a Rural municipality permit is NRs 2,000/- per person.
  • Sagarmatha National Park Permit: This permit is required for entering the Sagarmatha National Park, which encompasses the Everest Base Camp trek. Trekkers can obtain this permit from Tourist Service Center, Bhrikutimandap in Kathmandu, or at Sagarmatha National Park entry point in Monjo. National park entry permit fees NRs 3,000/- per person for other than the SAARC countries and NRs 1,500/- per person for SAARC citizens.
  • Travel Insurance: It is highly recommended to purchase comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical expenses, evacuation, and repatriation. Most importantly, make sure your travel insurance coverage is up to at least 6000 meters, as you’ll be spending at least 2 days over an altitude of 5000 meters.
  • Health Certificate: You may be required to show a health certificate indicating that you are fit to trek at high altitude. It is not compulsory if you are physically and mentally fit.

It’s important to make sure that you have all the necessary documents and permits before you begin your trek. A reliable trekking company can assist you with obtaining these permits and provide you with more information on the specific requirements for your trip.

Trekking Gears Checklist

A packing list allows you to prioritize what you need and plan for space and weight management. This is especially important for longer treks like EBC, where you will be carrying your gear for several days. Also, different parts of the trek may have different weather conditions, such as rain, snow, or extreme heat. This list will help ensure that you have the necessary gear and clothing to be prepared for all conditions:

  • Clothing: Warm and waterproof clothing is a must, including a down jacket, gloves, hat, and thermal layers. You should also bring comfortable and sturdy footwear, as well as several pairs of socks.
  • Sleeping gear: A warm sleeping bag, a sleeping pad, and a tent if camping along the way.
  • First Aid kit: Pack a basic first aid kit, including pain relievers, blister treatment, and any necessary prescription medications.
  • Hydration: A good quality water bottle, hydration systems, and water purification tablets or a water filter.
  • Food and snacks: Energy bars, dried fruits, and nuts, as well as other non-perishable food items.
  • Headlamp or flashlight: With extra batteries.
  • Sun protection: Sunglasses, a hat, and high-SPF sunscreen.
  • Personal hygiene: Biodegradable soap, a toothbrush, and toothpaste, wet wipes, and a towel.
  • Maps and guidebook: A detailed map of the area and a guidebook can help you navigate the trail.
  • Communication: A fully charged satellite phone or GPS device in case of emergency.
  • Miscellaneous: Cash, camera, and a multi-tool or knife.

Preparing an extensive packing list can give you peace of mind and reduce stress for a successful and safe trek. Check comprehensive information for what to pack for Everest Base Camp Trek.

Physical Fitness

EBC Trek training

The Everest Base Camp trek requires a moderate-to-high level of physical fitness. The trek involves a challenging hike at a high altitude, with steep climbs and descents, and long days on the trail. Here are some of the elements of fitness you may require to look upon :

  • Endurance: The EBC trek is a long and strenuous journey, with some days requiring 8-10 hours of hiking. A good level of endurance is necessary to maintain energy and keep up with the demands of the trek. It is recommended to go on short and easy treks to have a feel of your fitness level.
  • Cardiovascular fitness: Hiking at high altitudes can be challenging, even for those who are in good physical shape. Good cardiovascular fitness helps to improve oxygenation and reduce the risk of altitude sickness. Running or Cycling is recommended.
  • Strength: EBC trek involves carrying a heavy backpack and navigating rough terrain, so good upper and lower body strength is important. This can be improved through regular exercises, such as weightlifting and resistance training.
  • Flexibility: A lot of uphill and downhill hiking lies on the trail. Having good flexibility helps to reduce the risk of injury and improve overall performance. This can be improved through stretching and yoga. Check our complete article about training for the Everest Base Camp trek.

Picking a suitable time of the year to trek

Best time to visit Everest Base Camp

The best time to trek to Everest Base Camp is during the pre-monsoon season from March to May or the post-monsoon season from late September to November. During these months, the weather is generally clear and dry, with mild temperatures and good visibility, making it ideal for trekking and enjoying the stunning views of the Himalayan mountains.

The pre-monsoon season (March to May) offers beautiful rhododendron blooms and warmer weather on the trail. Meanwhile, the post-monsoon season (September to November) is known for its clear skies, cooler temperatures, and stable weather conditions.

During the monsoon season from June to August, the region receives heavy rainfall, making trekking difficult and dangerous due to slippery and muddy trails. While the winter months from December to February are extremely cold and the trails may be closed due to heavy snowfall.

It’s important to note that weather patterns can be unpredictable and can vary from year to year, so it’s always a good idea to check weather forecasts before planning a trek and be prepared for possible changes in weather conditions.

Craft well-acclimatized itinerary

Proper acclimatization is a must when we are planning for the Everest base camp trek. In order to adapt our bodies with the high altitudes, we should follow a well-crafted itinerary for the successful Everest journey. Here we have a standard itinerary for the Everest base camp trek.

Day 01: Fly from Ramechap/Kathmandu to Lukla (2,800m) and trek to Phakding (2,650m) 3-4 hrs trek

Day 02: Trek to Namche Bazar (3,440m) – 6 hrs trek

Day 03: Acclimatization day

Day 04: Trek to Tengboche (3,870m) – 6 hrs trek

Day 05: Trek to Dingboche (4,400m) – 6 hrs trek

Day 06: Another acclimatization day

Day 07: Trek to Lobuche (4,900m) – 5 hrs trek

Day 08: Trek to Gorakshep and visit Everest Base Camp (5463m) 8-9 hrs trek

Day 09: Hike up to Kalapather and trek to Pheriche (4,320m) – 7-8 hrs trek

Day 10: Trek to Namche Bazar (3,440m) – 6-7 hrs trek

Day 11: Trek to Lukla (2,800m) – 6-7 hrs trek

Day 12: Fly back to Kathmandu

Tackling Altitude sickness

EBC altitude sickness

Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness, is a common condition that can affect trekkers during the Everest Base Camp trek. Acclimatization is crucial during the Everest Base Camp trek to prevent altitude sickness and ensure a safe and enjoyable journey. There are two acclimatization days during the trek:

  • Namche Bazaar: Namche Bazaar is the first major acclimatization stop on the trek located at an altitude of 3,440 meters. It’s recommended to stay in Namche Bazaar for an extra day to allow your body to adjust to the altitude before continuing the trek.
  • Dingboche: Second acclimatization stop is in Dingboche located at an altitude of 4,410 meters. It’s recommended to stay in Dingboche for an extra day to allow your body to adjust to the altitude before continuing the trek to Lobuche and Gorak Shep.

Some other tips to prevent acute mountain sickness are given below:

  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids to keep yourself hydrated, as dehydration can make altitude sickness worse.
  • Eat well: Eat a balanced diet and make sure you’re getting enough carbohydrates and calories to give your body the energy it needs to function properly.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking: Both alcohol and smoking can worsen altitude sickness and should be avoided.
  • Take medication: Medications like Diamox can help prevent and treat altitude sickness, but should only be used under the guidance of a medical professional.
  • Descend if necessary: If you’re experiencing severe symptoms of altitude sickness, it’s important to descend to a lower elevation as quickly and safely as possible.
  • Listen to your body: Pay attention to your body and don’t push yourself too hard. If you’re feeling unwell or experiencing symptoms of altitude sickness, take a break, rest, and seek medical attention if necessary.

Remember, altitude sickness can be serious, so it’s important to be prepared and take the necessary precautions to stay safe during your Everest Base Camp trek.

Respecting the culture and traditions of people living there

Sherpa culture in Everest

Respecting the culture and traditions of people living in the Everest Base Camp trek is crucial from both ethical and practical perspectives. From an ethical standpoint, it is important to recognize and respect the unique cultural heritage and way of life of the local community. The Sherpa people living in the Everest region have their own language, customs, and traditions that contribute to their identity and sense of community. Disrespecting their culture can cause offense and harm to the local people, leading to negative interactions and damaged relationships.

On a practical level, respecting the culture and traditions of the local people is essential for maintaining a sustainable tourism industry in the region. The tourism industry is an important source of income for many people living in the Everest Base Camp trek, and it relies on the local community for many services and resources. By showing respect for their culture and traditions, tourists can build positive relationships with the local people and support the local economy. In contrast, disrespecting their culture can lead to resentment and negative attitudes towards tourists, which can harm the industry and damage the local economy.

Accommodation on the Everest Base Camp Trek

Everest base camp trek accommodations

Accommodation on the Everest Base Camp Trek typically consists of teahouses or lodges along the trail. These teahouses are run by local families and provide basic accommodation and food for trekkers. The quality and amenities of teahouses vary widely, but most have private rooms with twin beds and shared bathrooms. Some teahouses may offer hot showers at an additional fee, while others may only have bucket showers or no showers at all. In the lower regions such as Lukla, Phakding, and Namche Bazaar, there are usually two types of accommodation options available – luxurious upscale hotels and locally-run guesthouses.

It’s important to note that during peak trekking season (March to May and September to November), teahouses can get crowded and may fill up quickly, so it’s recommended to book ahead or arrive early in the afternoon to secure a room. During peak season, you may also have to share a room with other trekkers due to limited space. On the other hand, some teahouses may be closed during the off-peak season, so do some research and plan ahead to ensure that you have a place to stay.

Food on the Everest Base Camp Trek

Food on Everest Base camp Trek

Food on the Everest Base Camp trek typically consists of various options, ranging from traditional Nepalese dishes to more Western-style meals. Most teahouses along the trail offer a menu with a wide selection of dishes, including soups, stews, pasta, rice, and vegetarian options.

One popular and nutritious meal option for trekkers on the Everest Base Camp trek is Daal Bhat. This traditional Nepalese dish consists of steamed rice (bhat) served with a lentil soup (daal) and a selection of sides, such as vegetable curry and pickles.

Daal Bhat is a staple meal in Nepal and is often served in large portions, making it an ideal option for trekkers who need to refuel after a long day of hiking. It’s also a great vegetarian option, as lentil soup provides a good source of protein. Many teahouses offer unlimited refills of Daal Bhat, allowing trekkers to eat as much as they need to feel satisfied and energized for the next day’s trek.

In addition to Daal Dhat, other traditional Nepalese dishes that are popular along the Everest Base Camp trek include momos (dumplings), thukpa (noodle soup), and chowmein (stir-fried noodles). Western-style dishes such as pizza, spaghetti, pasta, and sandwiches are also often available but may be more expensive than the traditional Nepalese options.

Electricity And Internet Access

Electricity and internet service are available along the Everest Base Camp trek, but both can be limited and intermittent in some areas.

Electricity is typically provided through solar power in the teahouses along the trail. While most teahouses have electricity, it may only be available during certain hours of the day, typically in the evenings when the generators are turned on. It’s important to bring a portable charger or spare batteries to keep your devices charged during the day and to be mindful of energy usage to avoid overloading the system.

Internet service is also available in some teahouses along the trail, but it can be slow and unreliable due to the remote location and limited infrastructure. Some teahouses may charge a fee for access to Wi-Fi, and the signal may only reach some areas of the teahouse. It’s important not to rely on internet connectivity and to have a backup plan for communication, such as a satellite phone or a local SIM card for your mobile device.

Is Solo Trip possible for Everest Base Camp Trek?


A solo trip to Everest Base Camp is possible. It requires careful planning, preparation, and awareness of the potential risks and challenges of the trek.

One of the main challenges of a solo trip to Everest Base Camp is the potential for altitude sickness, which can be life-threatening if not properly managed. Trekkers should be aware of the symptoms of altitude sickness and be prepared to adjust their itinerary or seek medical attention if necessary. It’s also important to acclimatize properly by ascending gradually and taking rest days as needed.

Another challenge of a solo trip is the potential for getting lost or injured along the trail. Having a good map and being familiar with the route is important. Trekkers should also be prepared with a first aid kit and have a plan for emergency communication or evacuation if needed.

Despite the challenges, many trekkers have successfully completed the Everest Base Camp trek solo, and the experience can be incredibly rewarding and fulfilling. However, it’s important to carefully assess your own level of experience and comfort with solo travel before embarking on the journey.

The Alternative Trekking Routes To EBC

Everest base camp side trip

While the Everest Base Camp trek is one of the most popular and well-known trekking routes in the world, there are several alternative routes to consider as well. Here are a few options:

  • Gokyo Lakes Trek: The Gokyo Lakes trek is a less-crowded alternative to the Everest Base Camp trek, offering stunning views of the Himalayas, including four of the six highest peaks in the world.
  • Three Passes Trek: The Three Passes trek is a challenging and less-crowded alternative to the Everest Base Camp trek, which includes crossing three high passes over 5,000 meters. The trek offers stunning views of the Himalayas and a chance to explore remote and unspoiled parts of the region.
  • Everest Base Camp Trek via Jiri: This is a classic route to Everest Base Camp that was taken by the early mountaineers before the construction of the Lukla airport. The trek begins in Jiri, a small town located 190 km east of Kathmandu. This route is longer than the regular EBC trek and requires more time and endurance, but it offers a more authentic and immersive experience of the region.
  • Everest Base Camp Trek via Phaplu: This is another alternative route to Everest Base Camp that starts in Phaplu, a small village located about 70 km southwest of the Lukla airport. This route is less crowded than the regular EBC trek and offers a chance to explore the quieter and more remote parts of the region.

These alternative routes are a great way to explore the Everest region while avoiding the crowds and experiencing different cultural and natural attractions along the way.

How much does it cost to trek Everest Base Camp Trek?

The Everest Base Camp Trek costs typically range from $1300 to $4500 per person. This cost generally includes:

  • Necessary trekking permits
  • Domestic flights from Kathmandu to Lukla and return
  • A professional trekking guide,
  • A porter to carry your belongings
  • Accommodation and meals (Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner)
  • Hot showers and Wi-Fi access in tea houses.

You can opt for more luxurious services, such as a private room or additional meals, which can increase the overall cost of the trek. Private rooms can cost anywhere from $10 to $50 per night, depending on the location and level of luxury.

In addition, you can also upgrade your trek with extras, such as a return helicopter flight, which can cost more than the standard trekking package. A helicopter flight can range from $500 to $2000, depending on the number of passengers and availability.

It’s important to note that the cost per person can decrease as the group size increases. Therefore, joining a group or private group trek can be more affordable than a solo or small group trek.

In Conclusion

In conclusion, the Everest Base Camp trek is an adventure of a lifetime that requires thorough preparation to ensure a safe and enjoyable journey. Adequate preparation involves physical training, obtaining necessary permits and equipment, and familiarizing yourself with the local culture and customs. It’s crucial to take your time during the trek and allow your body to acclimatize to the changing altitude gradually. By preparing thoroughly, you’ll have the best chance of making the most of this incredible adventure.

Are you dreaming to trek to Everest Base Camp? If so, we might be able to assist you. Since 2010, we (Glorious Himalaya Trekking Company) are operating this epic adventure for hundreds of thrill seekers. We are always there to assist you.


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