Top 10 tips for a successful Everest Base Camp Trek

By Glorious Himalaya on January 8, 2023 in Travel Tips, Trekking

Everest Base Camp is one of the most popular trekking destinations in Nepal. However, many difficulties make the trek challenging. So, in this guide, we will provide 10 tips for a successful Everest Base Camp Trek.

Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the most commercialized treks in Nepal. It might be the most popular trek in Nepal, along with Annapurna Base Camp and Annapurna Circuit Trek. Everest Base Camp allows you to travel toward the base of the world’s tallest mountain, Mount Everest.

During your trek to Mount Everest, you will be able to see a few more mountains like Ama Dablam, Lhotse, Nuptse, etc. This trek also takes you closer to the beautiful Sherpa capital in Namche Bazaar. Some of the other attractions of Everest Base Camp Trek are Lukla, Hotel Everest View, Sagarmatha National Park, Khumjung Village, Tengboche Monastery, Kala Patthar, etc.

Trekking Everest Base Camp will undoubtedly be fun and challenging. However, if you pay attention to these tips, the difficulty of the trek might decrease constantly.

Top 10 Tips for Successful Everest Base Camp Trek

1. Attain a level of physical fitness prior to the departure.

Physical training
You must have a certain level of physical fitness when it comes to trekking to the tallest mountain’s base. Everest Base Camp Trek is one of the longest-distance treks, and it takes almost two weeks to complete it successfully,

The standard Everest Base Camp Trek is a 130 KM round journey that takes 12 days to complete. Although the trek is typically slow and steady, you will be trekking 5-8 hours daily and gaining an average of 300m in elevation daily. So if you want to be better prepared for Everest Base Camp Trek, it is essential to pay attention to your physical fitness and be wary of your stamina. Taking a few long day hikes on hilly terrain is very useful for determining your fitness level, and you can train accordingly.

At Everest Base Camp, most people will benefit from aerobic exercise and strength training. Aerobic training will teach your body to work hard on less oxygen while strength training will strengthen your muscles to better handle the elevation gain. It shouldn’t be challenging to prepare physically and mentally for your expedition to EBC. You don’t have to be a great athlete to make the trip, but don’t undervalue it either.

Check our Everest Base Camp Trek training program article.

2. Follow the well-acclimatized itinerary: Don’t skip Namche and Dingboche acclimatization.

The trekking agencies have professionally curated itineraries for Everest Base Camp. You can always express your opinion, and your decision is final, but we recommend keeping the well-acclimatized itinerary.

It is wise to understand there is a huge risk of altitude sickness over the altitude of 3000m. Since there is less oxygen level in higher altitudes the heart and breathing rate increase and if any trekkers rush to higher altitudes the level is uncontrollable making your body weak, tired, and prone to illness. Acclimatization is a biological process to creates more red blood cells and increases the flow of oxygen in the blood. If a person chooses to trek to a high-altitude region, he or she will experience a change in elevation per day of trekking that is shorter than hours to weeks. Acclimatization is a preliminary concept for the body to adapt to changes in surroundings.

EBC Trek well acclimatized itinerary

Namche Bazaar is 3,440 meters above sea level, and Dingboche is 4,410 meters. Unless you are used to high-altitude regions, these heights may pose huge risks, and it is very important to acclimatize in these stops for a day or so.

3. Hike steadily and eat wisely.

Nepalese food
Daal Bhat – Local food in the Everest region

Hiking in the Himalayan region is challenging since you have to hike up and down continuously for several hours. Since you will be trekking in constant ups and downs, you must do it at a steady pace. Everyone has a natural pace regarding physical build and fitness. You should focus on rhythmic breathing, swinging arms, and a consistent length to a step. You should shorten steps on steep portions of the trail. For downhill, a slight bend in the knees absorbs the shock to the feet and leg joints. Also, it is essential to rest frequently but not too long.

Your body must also be fueled with foods and proper drinks to give you strength. A balanced diet with a good amount of carbs is recommended. The traditional Daal-Bhat of Nepal is an excellent meal in that regard. It is available everywhere in the trekking regions.

4. Keep yourself hydrated. Consume hot water and soups as much as you can.

Soup in EBC trek
Soup in the Everest Base Camp Trek

Water is very important for the human body since about 60% of your body is water. But at high altitudes, you need water to remain hydrated even more. Since in higher altitude

On a hike, poor hydration can seriously impair mood, drastically lower performance, and even lead to severe concerns like dehydration. When you’re at higher altitudes, there will be lower humidity and a greater risk of dehydration. Staying hydrated will assist you in maintaining your energy and making the most of your trek experience.

It is typically recommended that you drink water when you feel thirsty. Hot water is especially required in freezing temperatures. Soups can help heat the body and warm you in cold areas. Onion and ginger soups are very effective in helping to produce oxygen in your body.

5. Avoid smoking and alcoholic drinks.

No smoking and alcohol
Avoid smoking and alcohol

During the treks in the Everest Region, AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) is a huge risk and possibility. The risk increases even more if your lungs are weak, which can be from constant smoking and drinking.

Smoking impairs a person’s lungs. Every time a person inhales cigarette smoke, it increases tissue inflammation. This allows less oxygen to flow to the body, and a few red cells are removed from the oxygen transport system.

Other muscles must work harder to compensate for that lack of red cells. A person will get lethargic as a result. In a place where oxygen is already low in amount, you are making your body less efficient in utilizing oxygen by smoking. This can have debilitating consequences. Hence, it’s very much recommended not to smoke on a trek. Dehydration can also become a huge issue in trekking areas as a lot of water in our bodies is constantly released in some form. Alcohol dehydrates the body, and the intoxication may also lead to fatal errors while traversing risky terrains. So, drinking alcohol while trekking is not a good idea.

6. Get the appropriate hiking equipment.

everest-base-camp-trek-checklist (1)
Trekking Checklist for EBC

The unpredictable weather, harsh conditions, and rough terrain are very common on the trail of Everest Base Camp. Newcomers, as well as seasoned veterans, require a comprehensive set of trekking gear and equipment. A good pair of broken-in hiking boots is a must in every trek. You will require a water-resistant hiking boot with excellent ankle support and an ideal fit.

Also, to keep yourself warm in the freezing temperatures, you should bring enough jackets and innerwear. An excellent trekking pole will support you throughout the grueling journey and take some stress off your legs.  Being over-prepared is always preferable to being under-prepared.

7. Carry a portable power bank and extra batteries.

Portable_solar_Charger_for_Everest_Trek
Portable Solar Power Bank

Let’s face it: if you use your phone constantly, the battery may not last the entire day. A portable battery power bank can be highly beneficial in this regard. We use our smartphones to click pictures, track our journey, search for information, and call someone when we need help. A dying battery will likely spoil the mood and the trip. Extra batteries are necessary for your trip if you are photogenic traveling with camera equipment. Also, a couple of batteries for the headlight and flashlight should be in your backpack.

8. Choose a reliable local tour operator and listen to your guide.

Find_best_tour_Operator_in_nepal

A sizable number of trekking businesses out there make you a lot of promises. One of the biggest errors trekkers make is comparing solely the trek costs various agencies offer. As a trekker, you want your trip to be one you’ll never forget; therefore, finding the best agency to assist you should be one of your top priorities.

A veteran guide with excellent communication skills and storytelling ability can make your trek unforgettable. Also, organization skills and a good sense of direction is are necessary characteristics in a tour guide. A good agency with a veteran guide is essential to making your journey to the Himalayas exciting and worthwhile. You should always listen to your guide as they have much experience.

9. Use water purification tablets or mineral bottled water.

Waterpurification_tablets_for_Everest_trek
Water purification Tablets

The water in the EBC trail can be infested with bacteria. Drinking boiled water in such areas is always recommended, but sometimes such an option may not be available. Boiled water gets pricier as you go up higher. Water purification tablets are one of the best methods of purifying water by killing all waterborne pathogens. There are two kinds of water purification tablets. Iodine-based tablets give a particular flavor to the purified water, and chlorine-based tablets are normal without any taste. Mineral water bottles can also be used as they are already treated for pathogens.

10. Walk through the safe side.

Walk through the safe side
Trekker walking through the safe side on Everest trek

Everest Base Camp is one of Nepal’s most fun but challenging trekking destinations. Heading toward the base of Mount Everest is an adventure on its own, but there are so many places to visit and explore. The veteran trekkers with years of experience might say Everest Base Camp is accessible but for most trekkers, there are specific difficulties that make trekking in the Khumbu region challenging.

Hence, there are some easy tips and tricks that can make your trek easier. We have provided 10 of the best tips so that you can enjoy your amazing Everest Base Camp Trek.

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